The oneness of God is by far one of the most important and debated topics in the Bible. However, I would submit that oneness is the theology that is fully supported by the Bible. Obviously this is not a statement to be taken lightly but definitely a statement that I do believe can be backed up by God’s word.
While this post does address the oneness of God, we must understand the difference between oneness and trinity beliefs. I will go deeper into where the trinity originated (not from scripture) in a later post but the basic principles are as follows:
1.) The Father (YHWH of the Old Testament), the Son (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit comprise the Godhead.
2.) Each of these divine Persons, individually, is at the same time also fully God in His/Its own right.
3.) Each of the divine Persons is also fully distinct, having functions or duties totally unique to Him/It.
4.) Yet, even though they function separately, and are independent persons, they are nevertheless united in purpose and action, and united as one God. (Previous four points taken from www.earlychristianhistory.info/trinity.html)
The points above are not my views nor are they supported by scripture. For the rest of this post we will focus on oneness theology and I will attempt to explain my previous statement that the oneness of God is completely supported by God’s word.
When we open of the Bible the first scripture we come to is Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning God…” This passage begins already assuming the existence of Deity. By beginning with referencing a Deity before time and before anything else completely leaving out the idea of polytheism simply proclaiming in the beginning God. God comes from the hebrew word Elohim. The definition of Elohim is strong one. This word is in plural form but is joined with a verb singular. However, the plural form should not be understood as plural deity after all it is combined with the singular verb and the literal definition is strong one. So what then did it mean? The use of the plural form was an early effort to grasp the concept of Deity that had all powers and influences from which the world would be created.
Throughout the whole Old Testament one thing is stressed – the oneness of God! I will take a minute to list a few key scriptures given in the Old Testament.
1.) Dueteronomy 6:4 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one LORD.”
2.) Isaiah 44:24 “Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am LORD that taketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;”
3.) Isaiah 43:10 “Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.”
4.) Hosea 13:4 “Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no savior beside me.”
5.) Isaiah 44:6 “This saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.”
6.) Isaiah 45:18 “For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and theres none else.”
7.) Isaiah 44:8 “Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.”
While there are many more scripture in the Old Testament that express the importance of understanding there is only one God I would now like to direct the readers attention to the overall theme of the Bible and how the Bible supports oneness thoroughly.
One of the first scriptures many christians get confused with is, Genesis 1:26 this scripture does say let us make man in our image. However this is immediately followed by verse 27 saying, “So God created man in His own image…” One could easily look at these two scriptures and easily be confused. So who was God referring to in verse 26? I would submit to you the 2nd Adam, Jesus Christ. Now I am not saying at all that he was there as a second person!! I will begin to explain by first asking you if God meant this as stating that he was going to make man look like “the three persons” in the Godhead we have a problem. That being God is a spirit. How would you model flesh after a spirit that takes up all space? The answer is that doesn’t make since. So what then is the answer? Revelation 13:8 says, “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. 1 Peter 1:18-20 “Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.” These scriptures clearly states that the Lamb (Jesus Christ) was slain from the foundation of the world. Before I tie this all together what does this scripture mean exactly? John 1:1, “In the beginning was the Word (Logos – Plan, concept, idea) and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” Verse 14, “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. So what does this mean? God who exist outside of time looked through time to see to the manifestation that he would chose to create and manifest his spirit into. Romans 5:14 states, “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him which was to come.” Simply put he used the blueprints of the second Adam to create the first Adam. This is why in the following verse God is able to say that He made man in his own image because the spirit that would dwell in the Lambs physical flesh was Gods spirit! Colossians 2:9 states, “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.”
Throughout the whole Bible there is only evidence of one Deity however he is called many things including: El Elyon – Most High, El Roi – God of seeing, El Shaddai – God almighty, Elohim – strong one, Adonai – Lord, Jehovah Jireh – The Lord will provide, Jehovah Nissi – The Lord our banner, Jehovah Rapha – the Lord who heals… And many more. The point is while God has been called many things he was only ever given one name. And that saving name is Jesus! Acts 4:12 “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.”
So what about Father, Son, and Holy Spirit? The Father is God in relationship. The son is God in flesh. Lastly the the Holy Spirit is God in spiritual action. These are NOT separate persons in the Godhead! We may call God our Father in prayer because we are his children, or we may say the Holy Spirit is working in the service because Gods presence is moving. However these are not names!
I would like to end with a question from Philip. In the scripture to follow Philip ask Jesus to show him the Father obviously assuming the Father was a separate person. Jesus responded with obvious correction towards this line of thinking. John 14:8-9 Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. 9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? He that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how says thou then, show us the Father?
In conclusion I would confidently state there is nothing in the Bible that would support the theology of three persons in the Godhead. There is one Creator and only one name given and that name is Jesus! There is no way I could address every scripture that are often used by trinitarians, but I strongly encourage any scriptures you would have a question about put in the comments below and I will address them. God bless
I never heard of this…. Why was Jesus baptized the Holy Spirit was there as a dove…. I do want to hear more
So glad to be able to share with you! Mathew 3:16-17, “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: 17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” First we must understand that Gods spirit is omnipresent and cannot be completely contained by any vessel. Psalm 139:7-12, “Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there.9 If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; 10 Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. 11 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me. 12 Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee.” Here it is evident that Gods spirit is omnipresent. So while the wholeness of God was in Jesus (Colossions 2:9 “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.”) He was not confined strictly to that space. Notice the scripture states like as a dove. There was no actual dove but simply a way of describing Gods spirit. A dove is an easily startled bird and will flee at danger. Likewise looking at the overall theme of scripture we find God’s spirit cannot dwell with sin! Hope this helps God bless
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